Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (October 22, 1693 – December 9, 1781) was a Scottish peer. He was the son of Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron and of Catherine, daughter of Thomas Culpeper, 2nd Baron Culpeper.
He was the only resident peer in late Colonial America, Fairfax administered his vast Northern Neck Proprietary. — a Virginia Land Grant dating back to 1649 — from his wilderness estate at Greenway Court, Virginia. Various place names in Northern Virginia and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia are named for him—most notably Fairfax County, Virginia.
In 1719, Fairfax came into possession of the vast Culpeper family estates in Virginia's Northern Neck Proprietary between the Rappahannock and Potomac Rivers. These lands included a great portion of the Shenandoah and South Branch Potomac valleys, in all consisting of some 5,282,000 acres. Struggling to keep up an expensive lifestyle and maintain Leeds Castle, Fairfax relied on the income from his Virginia tract, both from the sale of land and the annual Quit Rents, paid by planters who settled in the Northern Neck.
Lord Fairfax travelled to Virginia for the first time between 1735 and 1737 to inspect and protect his lands. The northwestern boundary of his Northern Neck Proprietary was marked in 1746 by the Fairfax Stone at the headwaters of the North Branch Potomac River. He then became active in developing his lands and collecting ground rents.
Fairfax was the only resident Peer in the Thirteen Colonies. In 1748, he made the acquaintance of George Washington, then a youth of 16, a distant relative of the Yorkshire Fairfax family. Impressed with Washington's energy and talents, Lord Fairfax employed him (Washington's first employment) to survey his lands lying west of the Blue Ridge.
Though an avowed Loyalist, Fairfax kept quiet and was known to be close to Washington during the American Revolution. He was never insulted or molested. Less than two months after the 1781 defeat of the British invaders at Yorktown, the 88-year-old Fairfax died at his seat at Greenway Court.
Description: This is a Land Grant by the only Resident Peer in late Colonial America. It is a Revolutionary War–dated Vellum Manuscript DS (Document Signed), signed “Fairfax,” one page, 13.75 x 11.75, March 16, 1778. Lord Fairfax grants James Crone a parcel of land containing 183 acres in Dunmore County.
Condition: It is In very good condition, with heavy intersecting storage folds with overall wear, scattered creases and soiling, and writing and signature rather faded and difficult to read.
Documentation: This item is fully documented by Three sources. First it has been Authenticated by PSA/DNA Certified Authentication Services. The PSA/DNA Registration Number is #W03384 and item is visible there on their site. It states that this certificate authenticates the signed Land Grant which they personally examined. Further they state that the signature(s) are consistent considering slant, flow, pen pressure, letter size and other characteristics that are typical of the other exemplars that they compared against. The item also has been permanently marked with a invisible DNA daub that will fluoresce under a patented laser lamp. Second, the item will come with a Certificate of Authenticity from the famous RR Auction where item was purchased by us originally. Third you will also get a Certificate from Reel Art. You will also get copies of invoices from both RR Auction and PSA/DNA Authentications to further prove authenticity.
The item described is guaranteed to be of the time period and condition as described, has been exported legally and is legal to buy and sell under all international laws relating to cultural patrimony.